Sandwell: A new hospital at the heart of local economic change
June 30, 2015
The new Midlands Metropolitan Hospital will be embedded within its local economy in a similar way to that of Cadbury’s in Bourneville, offering a test case for the new role of anchor institutions in regeneration.
Before a brick has been laid on the site of the new Midlands Metropolitan Hospital, plans are being drawn up to ensure its broader impact on the local economy.
Situated in the heart of two of the poorest neighbourhoods in the west Midlands, Ladywood and Smethwick, the Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospital Trust wants the new building to have an impact that extends far beyond traditional health outputs when it opens its doors in five years.
Conrad Parke, a regeneration specialist, is supporting the trust and other partners to look at how the institution can affect broader health determinants, from income to education and from housing to food.
‘People generally think of a hospital as a castle in a moat of car parks’, he says. ‘But why can’t it be integrated into its local community not only physically but economically and culturally?’
Parke wants the new Midlands Metropolitan hospital to play a similar role in its local neighbourhoods to that of Bournville, a model village built by the Cadbury brothers on the south side of Birmingham. But what does it mean for an institution in the 21st century to invest in the long-term future of the place in which it is based?
Building a local supply chain
A major part of the vision is ensuring that the hospital sources as many of its employees and suppliers as locally as possible. A local multiplier analysis conducted by the Centre for Local Economic Strategies (CLES) showed that the total spend of the three hospitals in the local area was £150m and that for contracts worth over £100k, only around 15% was going back into the local Birmingham and Sandwell economies.
Parke believes that this figure can realistically be doubled with more focused interventions. Indeed, the trust has already started work on the next level of analysis to identify specific sectors were local procurement opportunities may exist.
Inspired by the Evergreen model in Cleveland, Ohio, where a local hospital now draws on its local neighbourhood for services from laundry to energy, Parke, in partnership with Sandwell Council, is investigating setting up local social enterprise cleaning companies and food suppliers that will service the hospital once it has opened.
Sandwell Council has created a virtual version of the hospital to help map the products and services going into the hospital and match those with local companies, and Localise West Midlands is conducting research to identify best practice in hospital developments and their operations across England.
Its research – which will be published shortly – has identified a number of ways in which NHS hospitals are contributing to their local economies and social value, from training and employment of disadvantaged groups to better links with locally-owned businesses, developing local supply chains and facilitating close live-work patterns. The procurement of local food is also becoming common, driven by both its carbon reduction potential as well as localisation, health and wellbeing.